Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, which is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the routine like a fantastic a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance pidžame and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of pidžame the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown major over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they grew to become well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.